How to Start Raising Chickens for Fresh Eggs: A Step-by-Step Guide


Eggs have skyrocketed 70.1% in price over the last year. Ouch! No longer is an egg dish an inexpensive meal.

People blame inflation, the bird flu, and fires at egg production facilities as the cause of the spike in egg prices.

In January, 100,000 egg-laying hens were killed when a blaze broke out at Hillandale Farms in Bozrah, Connecticut. Hillandale Farms is one of the top five egg producers in the country. That’s a tough loss for the farmer and for consumers.

With inflationary pressures, I thought it may be time to think about starting an egg business. Friends of mine in Prescott are doing just that and are quite successful.

How about you? Are you looking for a way to add fresh eggs to your diet? Or are you interested in starting up an egg business of your own? If so, then look no further than raising chickens for fresh eggs.

Raising chickens is not as difficult as it may seem and can be quite rewarding. My friend, Tina, sings to her chickens. Yes, that’s right. I’ve witnessed it myself. She swears that it causes them to produce more eggs.

In this blog post, we will discuss everything from building a coop or housing, feed and nutrition, lighting and temperature needs, and health and disease management considerations when raising chickens for egg production – all the way down to selling those delicious eggs on the market.

So let’s get started with our journey into raising chickens for fresh eggs.

Table of Contents:

Building a Coop or Housing

Building a coop or housing for chickens is an important step in creating a safe and comfortable environment for your birds. There are several materials needed to construct the coop, as well as design considerations and construction tips that should be taken into account when building.

Materials Needed:

When constructing a chicken coop, you will need lumber, nails, screws, hinges, wire mesh (for windows), roofing material (such as shingles or metal), insulation material (such as foam board or fiberglass batting), and paint/stain to protect the wood from weather damage.

The coop needs to be predator-proof.

Design Considerations:

It is important to consider the size of your flock when designing the coop. You will want enough space for all of your chickens to move around comfortably without overcrowding them.

You should make sure there is adequate ventilation so that air can circulate freely throughout the enclosure.

It is essential to include some form of insulation in order to keep temperatures consistent inside the coop during both hot and cold months.

When constructing your chicken coop, it is best practice to use pressure-treated lumber since this type of wood has been treated with chemicals that help prevent rot and decay over time.

Using galvanized hardware such as nails and screws helps ensure that these pieces won’t rust due to exposure to moisture or humidity levels within the enclosure itself.

Make sure all joints are securely fastened together with either nails or screws so they don’t come apart easily over time due to wear-and-tear caused by daily activity within the enclosure itself.

There is a myriad of DIY plans and YouTube videos online to help you design a safe and effective chicken coop or enclosure. It must be constructed so that it is impenetrable as possible with the mind that every single predator in your area will be paying your chickens a visit and not the friendly kind.


Predators will huff, and they will puff and try to find every darn way to gain access to your precious flock and their eggs. It’s no different than trying to protect your vegetable garden from pests like insects and deer.

Creating safe and secure housing for your chickens is the first step in getting started with raising them, but it’s also important to understand their nutritional needs.

With that knowledge, you can begin setting up a feeding schedule and determining the best type of feed for your flock.

Key Takeaway: Constructing a safe and comfortable environment for your chickens requires the use of pressure-treated lumber, galvanized hardware, and secure fastenings to ensure the coop stands up against wear and tear.

Feed and Nutrition

Feed and nutrition are essential for chickens to remain healthy and productive. The type of feed used, the nutritional requirements, and the feeding schedule all play a role in keeping chickens happy and healthy.

Types of Feeds Available:

There are many types of feeds available for chickens including commercial pellets or crumbles, scratch grains, kitchen scraps, garden produce, mealworms, and insects.

Commercial poultry feeds provide a balanced diet that is formulated specifically for chickens. Scratch grains can be offered as an occasional treat but should not make up more than 10% of their daily diet due to their high carbohydrate content.

Kitchen scraps such as vegetable peels or cooked pasta can also be fed but should only account for about 5-10% of their daily intake since it lacks some important nutrients needed by chickens.

Garden produce such as lettuce or spinach can also be offered occasionally but should not exceed 20-30% of their total diet due to its low nutrient content compared to other foods like mealworms or insects which offer higher levels of protein and fat needed by growing chicks.

Chickens require a balanced diet with adequate amounts of protein (16-18%), calcium (2-3%), phosphorus (0.4-0.6%), vitamins A and D3, minerals such as sodium chloride, and trace elements like copper sulfate. These nutrients are important to make sure your chickens remain healthy and productive layers throughout their life cycle from chickhood through adulthood into old age.

Sources of protein include animal proteins like fishmeal, meat meal, blood meal, and feather meal; plant proteins like soybean meal, and corn gluten meals; grain mixtures containing wheat bran/corn germ/oat groats/rice bran; legumes such as peas/beans; /lentils/peanuts; green leafy vegetables like alfalfa hay/clover, hay/kale greens; fruits and nuts.

Calcium sources may be ground oyster shells, limestone flour, or crushed eggshells while phosphorus sources can come from bone meals.

Vitamins A and D3 supplements must also be provided in order for proper growth and development to occur.

Additionally, treats such as kitchen scraps mentioned earlier can always be given sparingly between regular feedings – just remember not to exceed 10%.

Feed and nutrition are important aspects of keeping chickens healthy and productive.

There are a variety of feeds available for chickens, including commercial feed mixes, scratch grains, kitchen scraps, greens, insects, and more. It is important to provide a balanced diet that meets the nutritional requirements of your flock.

Nutritional Requirements for Chickens:

All poultry require certain essential nutrients including proteins (amino acids), carbohydrates (energy sources), fats (lipids), vitamins & minerals (micronutrients) along with water on a daily basis in order to remain healthy and productive layers. These nutrients are also important if you plan to butcher and eat chicken meat.

The exact amount required will depend on age & breed type so it’s best practice to consult a qualified avian veterinarian if you have any questions regarding specific nutrient requirements for your flock members.

Feeding schedules and amounts will vary depending on the breed type and age range of the birds.

Generally, 1-4 ounces per bird per day is recommended, with higher levels of protein for young chicks until they reach 6 weeks old when they should be gradually switched over to layer feed containing 16-18% crude protein.

Layer hens should always have access to clean fresh water throughout the day as well as free choice feeding 24 hours a day, 7 days a week unless otherwise specified by your veterinarian.

By ensuring that your chickens are receiving the right nutrition and feed, you can be sure that they will have the best environment to produce healthy eggs.

Now let’s look at lighting and temperature needs for optimal egg production.

Key Takeaway: Feeding chickens a balanced diet with adequate protein, calcium, phosphorus, and vitamins is essential for their health and productivity; treats such as kitchen scraps can be given in moderation.

Lighting and Temperature

Light Requirements for Egg Production:

Chickens need a minimum of 14 hours of light each day to produce eggs. Artificial lighting can be used to supplement natural daylight and should provide at least 10-12 lux (a measure of light intensity) in the nesting area.

A timer can be used to ensure that the lights turn on and off at the same time every day, providing a consistent schedule for egg production.

Temperature Considerations for Egg Production:

Temperature is also an important factor when it comes to egg production.

The ideal temperature range for chickens is between 18°C – 22°C (64°F – 72°F).

If temperatures get too high or too low, this can affect egg production and quality.

It’s important to make sure that your coop has adequate ventilation so that airflow is not restricted, as this will help keep temperatures within the optimal range.

Ventilation plays an important role in keeping chickens healthy by helping regulate temperature and humidity levels inside their coop or housing structure.

Good ventilation helps reduce moisture buildup, which can lead to respiratory problems in chickens, while also allowing fresh air into their living space, improving oxygen levels and the overall health of your flock.

It is recommended to have one vent per 10 square feet installed throughout the coop; however, more may be needed depending on how much airflow you want coming through the coop.

Lighting and temperature are essential elements to consider when raising chickens for fresh eggs.

Now, let’s explore the health and disease management strategies needed to ensure your flock stays healthy.

Health and Disease Management

Common Diseases in Chickens:

There are a variety of diseases that can affect chickens, including respiratory illnesses, bacterial infections, and parasites.

Some common chicken diseases include coccidiosis, Marek’s disease, infectious bronchitis, Newcastle disease, and avian influenza.

Symptoms of these illnesses may include coughing or sneezing, difficulty breathing or panting, loss of appetite, or weight loss.

Be sure to check on your chickens regularly. It is important to recognize the signs of illness early so that treatment can be administered quickly and effectively.

Vaccination Schedule for Chickens:

Vaccinations are an important part of keeping your flock healthy. Depending on the type of poultry you have and where you live will determine which vaccines should be given to your birds.

Common vaccinations for chickens include those against Marek’s Disease (MD), Infectious Bronchitis (IB), Avian Influenza (AI), and Newcastle Disease (ND).

It is best to consult with a veterinarian about what vaccinations are necessary for your area as well as when they should be administered throughout the year.

By following the preventive measures outlined in this article, you can ensure that your chickens remain healthy and safe from disease.

Now, let’s move on to learn about egg collection – an essential part of raising chickens for fresh eggs.

Tips for Keeping Your Flock Safe from Predators:

  • Do not allow your chickens to roost outside of their enclosure or coop.
  • Chicken wire should never be relied on to keep your chickens safe.
  • Use hardware cloth to keep snakes and rodents out of your chicken enclosure.
  • All chicken runs should be covered so that it is secure from hawks, owls, or other flying predators.
  • Just before sundown secure chickens behind step-locked doors as some predators are adept at opening locks.
  • Make sure there is no excess feed laying around and use a treadle feeder for extra safety for your flock.
  • Having a guard dog to protect your livestock investment is always a wise choice. My friend has a Great Pyrenees to protect her flock.

Additionally, there are all kinds of gadgets and devices that you can buy that will help to keep predators away.

The best protection is to be diligent and set yourself up for success.

As stated above, a coop full of chickens is tempting for any predator. Consider it a candy store for every predator that may live in your area. But don’t let this deter you from raising chickens and harvesting fresh eggs. It is well worth the effort.

Key Takeaway: Raising chickens for fresh eggs can be rewarding, but it is important to stay up-to-date on vaccinations and be aware of common diseases that may affect your flock.

Egg Collection

Collecting eggs from the nest boxes is an important part of egg production. It should be done carefully to avoid damaging the eggs and to ensure that only clean, quality eggs are collected for sale or consumption.

The best way to collect eggs is by using a basket or other container that has been lined with soft material such as straw or hay. This will help protect the fragile shells from cracking during transport.


When collecting, it’s important to check each egg for cracks and discard any cracked ones before placing them in the basket.

Cleaning eggs properly is essential for ensuring quality products are produced for sale or consumption.

Eggs should be washed with warm water and a mild detergent before being stored away in a cool, dry place until ready for use. It’s also important to make sure all dirt and debris have been removed from the shell surface so bacteria don’t grow while the eggs are stored away.

Storing eggs safely is key in order to maintain their freshness and prevent spoilage over time.

Eggs should be kept at temperatures between 45-50°F (7-10°C) with relative humidity levels between 75%-85%.

They can also be refrigerated if necessary but this may reduce their shelf life slightly due to temperature fluctuations when taken out of storage and then put back into cold storage again after use.

Additionally, it is important not to store them near strong odors as these can penetrate through porous eggshells causing off flavors in cooked dishes made with them later.

Many people here in Prescott raise their own chickens and have eggs readily available for sale to the public. It’s a great way to offset expenses. Our local Prescott Farmer’s Market can be counted on for fresh eggs all year round.

I eat eggs every day, so I appreciate having fresh eggs continually supplied. I pay $5.00 per dozen which is less expensive than I can get them for at the grocery store and so much fresher and better for you. It makes me happy that I am getting terrific-tasting eggs and supporting our local community.

Key Takeaway: Eggs should be collected, cleaned, and stored properly to ensure freshness and quality. Temperature, humidity levels, and odors all play a role in the preservation of eggs for future use.

FAQs on How to Start Raising Chickens for Fresh Eggs

How do you raise chickens for fresh eggs?

Raising chickens for fresh eggs is a rewarding experience. To get started, you’ll need to purchase the right breed of chicken and create a safe, comfortable environment for them.

Provide your chickens with plenty of space to roam and access clean water, food, and shelter from the elements. Make sure they have enough nesting boxes so that each hen can lay her eggs in privacy.

Keep their coop clean by regularly removing droppings and providing adequate ventilation.

Finally, provide your hens with proper nutrition including high-quality feed supplemented with fruits or vegetables as treats. With the right care, you’ll be able to enjoy fresh eggs from your own backyard.

How do you raise egg-laying chickens for beginners?

First, decide what breed of chicken you want to raise and obtain the necessary supplies such as feeders, waterers, nesting boxes, and bedding.

Next, create a safe space for your chickens with adequate shelter from predators and weather conditions.

Finally, provide your chickens with high-quality food and fresh water daily along with regular health checks to ensure they remain healthy and have productive layers of eggs. With patience and dedication, you’ll soon have an abundance of fresh eggs.

How many chickens should a beginner start with?

It depends on the size of your coop and how much space you have available. Generally, a beginner should start with at least three chickens to ensure they get enough attention and socialization.

If you have more room, consider adding up to six chickens for maximum egg production. Be sure to research the breed that best suits your needs as some breeds are better layers than others.

Make absolutely sure you provide adequate shelter and food for your feathered friends. Predators like dogs, coyotes, mountain lions, bobcats, skunks, raccoons, foxes, bears, and other predators that live in the Prescott area can wipe out your entire flock of chickens in short order.

How many chickens do I need to produce a dozen eggs a week?

The number of chickens needed to produce a dozen eggs per week depends on the breed and age of the chickens.

Generally, it takes three to four hens over one year old to produce a dozen eggs in a week.

However, younger birds may lay fewer eggs or none at all.

Additionally, some breeds are more productive than others; for example, Rhode Island Reds can lay up to 300 eggs per year while other breeds may only lay 100-150.

Therefore, it is important to research the breed and age of your chickens before determining how many you need for consistent egg production each week.


It’s important to consider all the costs associated with raising chickens, from building housing and purchasing feed to managing health and disease issues.

With proper care, your chickens can be productive egg layers for years. If you’re looking to start raising chickens for fresh eggs, make sure you do your research first so that you have all the information needed to ensure success.

Are you looking to start raising chickens for fresh eggs in Prescott and the surrounding area? Look no further! Prescott offers a unique lifestyle that allows you to enjoy farm-fresh eggs right from your own backyard. We can help equip you with all of the necessary resources, information, and support needed to make this venture a success. Let us show you how easy it is to get started on your egg-raising journey today!

Please let me know if you plan to start raising chickens.

About the author

Hi, I'm Teri Franks, the voice behind Prescott Voice. I've spent years immersing myself in all that Prescott has to offer, and I love sharing the unique stories and experiences I've discovered. When I'm not writing, you'll find me exploring Prescott's trails or tasting our local cuisine. I believe that the vibrant lifestyle here in Prescott inspires us to live a healthier, happier life. Come join me on this exciting journey as we explore Prescott together.

Leave a Comment